International protection is the process through which an application for refugee status and subsidiary protection is decided by the Government after examining the application of a person who faces prosecution or serious harm if he/she returns to his/her country of origin.
If when the applicant returns to his/her country of origin has a well-founded fear of being persecuted because of racial,/religious,/nationality reasons, political beliefs or due to being a member of a specific social group, and as a result to these fears of persecution he/she can’t or doesn’t want to return to his/her country of origin (Article 1 A(2) of the Geneva Convention 1951), then he/she is granted asylum and qualifies for refugee recognition.
An asylum applicant shall be eligible for subsidiary protection if he has shown substantial grounds for believing that he would face a real risk of suffering serious harm in his country of origin or in the country he previously resided.
Serious harm consists of capital punishment or execution, torture or inhumane or degrading treatment or serious threat to a civilian’s life due to international or internal armed conflicts.
For more information about the asylum process, see the Asylum Service web page